In 1907, Holt and Gregg announced that they were planning to put in a cement plant at their brickyard at Anderson. That
year they had produced 4.5 million bricks. In 1909, they sent bricks for the Presbyterian Church in Chico as well as for
other building projects. In December 1909, a 16-chamber continuous kiln, with a capacity of 24,000 brick per chamber,
was started and completed by June 1910. The new continuous kiln was capable of producing 7 million to 8 million bricks
per year, bringing the total for the yard to over 9 million bricks per year from all of their kilns. The continuous kiln was
housed inside a long wooden building with a tall smokestack towering over the middle of the kiln building (A picture of this
kiln can be seen on Marc Beauchamp's blog page). The kiln was fired by coal.
In June 1911, James Richard Holt died at his home in Redding after a short illness at the age of 70 years. He was a native of Tuscumbria, Alabama. During the Civil War, he served as a private in the Army of the Confederated State of America. After the war he worked in the building trades in Corinth, Mississippi; Granville, Texas; Denver, Colorado; Santa Barbara and Oroville, California. In 1876, he partnered with John N. Gregg to manufacture bricks and do contracting work in Red Bluff, California. He married his wife Mary Ault in 1881 at Red Bluff, and they had four children. Their son, James C. Holt, 1889-1949, returned from college in San Francisco to help Gregg operate the company, of which Gregg became president. Gregg was looking to expand his brick market to the Oregon border to the north and Sacramento to the south. In 1916, the Diamond Match Company called for another 1.5 million bricks. With declining demand for brick, the Anderson brickyard closed by 1918. The Kennett lime works closed in 1920.
Gregg and his wife Mary moved to Oakland in the 1920s. He died on June 13, 1930, at the age of 80 years. He was a native of Pennsylvania. He married his wife Mary in 1880, and they had two children. James C. Holt went into the automobile dealer business and later worked as a sales representative for petroleum companies. The Holt and Gregg brickyard site is currently occupied by Sierra Pacific Industries. The only evidence remaining at the site of this brickyard are the water-filled clay pits.
Common brick is dark orange-red to dark red and mostly uniform in color. The surface has a coating of river sand containing
subangular white and yellow-stained quartz, golden mica, cream feldspar, black iron oxides, and other tiny rock grains, giving
the brick its dark shade. The brick is hard and compact with good form. The edges are straight and sharp with sharp to nearly
sharp corners. On some bricks, one of the bottom long edges is rounded, probably an artifact of the mold used, while other bricks have all
sharp edges. The sides may display faint transverse striations, minor cracks, stack indentations, and rare white or yellowish flashing.
The bottom face is flat and even. The ends of some bricks show a longitudinal line about one-third of the height below the top face,
which may be an artifact of the mold used. Some have an irregular lip up to 1/8 inch thick around the top edges. The top face is rough with
minor pits and a longitudinal strike, not always present on some bricks. Clasts are rare on the surface. Interior consists of 3 percent
subangular white and gray quartz, rounded blebs of black iron oxides, some forming large aggregates, up to 1/8 inch in diameter,
and well-rounded red metamorphic siltstone, as much as 1/2 inch across, in a compact, red to orange-red clay body that looks
nearly vitrified. Pores are minor, with about 3 percent in volume and
usually less than 1/16 inch in diameter. This brick was made using the soft-mud process in a range of sizes.
Length 8 - 8 1/2, width 3 7/8 - 4, height 2 1/2 inches.
Aubrey, Lewis E., The Structural and Industrial Materials of California,
California State Mining Bureau Bulletin 38, 1906, p. 257.
Beauchamp, Marc, Marc Beauchamp's blog, blogs.redding.com/redding/mbeauchamp/archives/2007/10/built-like-a-we-1.html, October 16, 2007 (accessed June 14, 2014).
Boalich, E.S., Castello, W.O., Huguenin, Emile, Logan, C.A., and Tucker, W.B., The Clay Industry In California, California State Mining Bureau Preliminary Report 7, 1920, p. 98.
Brick, v. 7 no. 3, 1897, p. 119.
Brick and Clay Record, v. 15, no. 4, 1901, p. 171.
Brick and Clay Record, v. 16, no. 6, 1902, p. 280.
Brick and Clay Record, v. 19, no. 1, 1903, p. 34.
Brick and Clay Record, v. 20, no. 1, 1904, p. 3.
Brick and Clay Record, v. 26, no. 1, 1907, p. 26.
Brick and Clay Record, v. 33, no. 1, 1910, p. 42-43.
Brick and Clay Record, v. 49, no. 6, 1916, p. 527.
California, Death Index, 1905-1939, images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ accessed 11 Sep 2014), 1905-1929, Vital Statistics Department, Sacramento.
Clay Record, v. 35, no. 12, 1909, p. 35.
Clay Record, v. 36, no. 2, January 1910, p. 25.
Clay Record, v. 36, no. 2, January 1910, p. 34.
Clay Record, v. 36, no. 7, April 1910, p. 33.
Clay Record, v. 36, no. 9, May 1910, p. 25.
Clay Record, v. 36, no. 12, June 1910, p. 35.
Clay-Worker, v. 31, no. 5, May 1899, p. 460.
Clay-Worker, v. 31, no. 6, June 1899, p. 529.
Clay-Worker, v. 32, no. 1, July 1899, p. 34.
Clay-Worker, v. 32, no. 2, August 1899, p. 140.
Clay-Worker, v. 34, no. 3, September 1900, p. 224.
Clay-Worker, v. 41, no. 5, May 1904, p. 627.
Clay-Worker, v. 55, no. 6, June 1911, p. 891.
Clay-Worker, v. 56, no. 2, August 1911, p. 196.
Crawford, J.J., Structural Materials, California State Mining Bureau 13th Report of the State Mineralogist, 1896, p. 612-641.
Federal Census Records, 1880.
Federal Census Records, 1900.
Federal Census Records, 1930.
Harper, Jeannette M., Shasta County, California, Biographies, contributions from the Shasta Historical Society, USGenWeb Project, http://www.cagenweb.com/shasta/index.html, accessed September 12, 2014.
Record Searchlight, March 17, 2001.
Smith, Dottie, Holt and Gregg's Huge Anderson Brickyard Kiln, blogs.redding.com, July 9, 2009 (accessed June 14, 2014).
Contact Dan Mosier at firstname.lastname@example.org.